Does your dog growl when he shouldn’t? Here’s how to solve the problem using positive training methods.
Sarah’s two rescue dogs are very gentle and friendly towards strangers. They are also well trained and can perform many tricks. However, they often growl, even though they have never followed the growling with aggression. For example, if someone knocks on the door, they will growl and bark. Sarah has tried putting her hand around their mouths when they growl and told them sternly “no”. She’s also tried taking them to sniff whatever they are growling at. But nothing works. How can she fix the problem? Should she even be concerned in the first place?
Safety is always the first concern. A dog’s growls certainly should be a heads-up for the possibility of escalating aggressive behavior. The fact that the behavior hasn’t gone beyond soft growls is a good sign. That being said, much more information is needed. For example, how long has the behavior been manifesting? Are there other physical displays which give clues as to how the dogs are feeling? Are the dogs sensitive to motion, sound or touch? (Maybe the growling is fear-induced). Are they “self employed” — that is, if they bark at other times, are they unintentionally rewarded for doing so? How is their health?
A professional trainer who uses positive methods should be consulted to evaluate the situation and set up a behavior modification program. Basically, two things should be done:
1. Change the way the dogs feel about people coming to the door.
2. Teach the dogs a substitute behavior.
The first is accomplished by using counter-conditioning, which deals with the possible cause of the growling behavior, namely their fear. By dealing with the cause, the symptom (growling) disappears. For example, by offering the dogs awesome treats whenever someone comes to the door, they will eventually associate the newcomer with the treats. As a result, they will really like it whenever someone knocks and will no longer bark or growl.
Teaching your dog a substitute behavior will take away their “job” as official guardians of the home and give them something else to do. Why not teach them to run to their beds whenever someone knocks at the door? Or how about fetching a favorite toy whenever the doorbell rings? Or teach them to bark three times and then come back and lie down at your feet? Or teach them to immediately lie down and stay and then give them a good chew toy, such as a treat-filled vessel toy.
If your dogs are growling, it’s likely because of the corrections being used. If the only time you yell “no” and hold their noses is when someone comes to the door, they will quickly learn that a person at the door means trouble for them. I would suggest using the proactive, positive methods as outlined above, rather than correction.
Paul Owens began training dogs in 1972. He is a professional member of the Association of Professional Dog Trainers and The Pet Professional Guild. He has long been a leading proponent of force-free, non-violent training. He authored the best-selling The Dog Whisperer and The Puppy Whisperer books and is featured on the new DVD, Welcome Home! Ultimate Guide for All Newly Adopted Puppies and Dogs. Paul is director of Raise with Praise Professional Dog Training, and founder/director of the children’s after school violence prevention program, Paws for Peace.