Having a clean house is important, but so is the safety of your dog or cat. Here’s a breakdown of toxic ingredients to avoid when shopping for products — along with safe alternatives you can use instead!

Gone are the days when harsh chemicals were the only means of cleaning and sanitizing your home. Nowadays, you can find countless household cleaners that get the job done without leaving hazardous residues in their wake. Many homemade solutions also work just as well and are perfectly safe for homes with pets. Here’s a look at some of the most toxic cleaning ingredients, along with their animal-friendly alternatives.

Offender: Ammonia
Ammonia is found in many glass cleaners and polishing agents because it doesn’t leave streaks. But it’s also very harmful when inhaled. Because animals have smaller lungs than we do, they’re much more susceptible to these types of irritants. And beware — ammonia mixed with bleach creates a poisonous gas.

Alternative: White vinegar
Vinegar is highly acidic, boasting a pH of between 2.0 to 2.5. While it’s not classified as a disinfectant, it does have the ability to kill many harmful microorganisms and leaves a sparkling, streak-free shine.

Offender: Artificial fragrance
If the product you’re using smells like pine needles, fruit, flowers or perfume, it likely contains phthalates — toxic chemicals added as a fragrance carrier to many air fresheners and other cleaning products. Phthalates have been linked to headaches, dizziness, allergic rashes, coughing, vomiting and skin irritation in humans. For pets with allergies or sensitivities, artificial fragrances can be even more irritating, and can lead to similar symptoms.

Alternative: Essential oils
High quality essential oils boast antibacterial properties that make them an effective weapon against germs — and they smell great! Add a few drops to a natural unscented cleaner, or dilute with water and diffuse into the air. Just be sure you’re buying a pure, excellent quality oil that’s safe for cats and dogs.

Offender: Bleach
Otherwise known as chlorine, bleach can easily be inhaled, absorbed and swallowed by pets. Exposure can irritate your dog or cat’s mucous membranes, cause coughing and breathing problems, burning, watery eyes and vomiting. Too much exposure can even lead to death.

Alternative: Baking soda
This harmless baking ingredient can be used in place of bleach when cleaning your house and whitening clothes.

Offender: 2-Butoxyethanol
A member of the “glycol ethers” group, 2-butoxyethanol is a primary ingredient in many all-purpose cleaners. Like other members of its family, it’s derived from crude oil, and can significantly harm your animal companion if ingested or inhaled over long periods. Overexposure can cause anemia, intoxication and irritation of the eyes and nose. Low-level exposure has been shown to cause birth defects and damage to sperm and testicles in animals.

Be cautious of the fact that 2-Butoxyethanol doesn’t smell the way you might expect a harmful chemical to smell. It has a sweet odor that might attract pets, so it’s best to avoid it altogether.

Alternative: Hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide is an antibacterial and disinfectant, so it’s just as effective at sterilizing your home as chemical-based cleaning products. Use it to wipe down surfaces in your kitchen and bathroom, and mix it with hot water to scrub your floors. Hydrogen peroxide can even be used to remove traces of mold and mildew.

Offender: Formaldehyde
Some wood polishers, air fresheners and cleaning products contain traces of formaldehyde. Though this volatile compound is naturally-occurring, it can damage your animal companion’s cells if inhaled at high doses over a long time. Watch out for sneaky synonyms of formaldehyde, such as formalin, methanol and methylene oxide.

Alternative: Fresh air and homemade wood polish
Open the windows! Air fresheners are rarely necessary if you’re able to air out your space. You can also make your own wood polish using the recipe at left.

Offender: Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS)
This emulsifier allows laundry detergents to produce white fluffy foam. A toxic by-product called 1,4-Dioxane contaminates SLS during the manufacturing process, making it dangerous to your pet’s skin, organs and endocrine system.

Alternative: Liquid castile soap
This vegetable-based soap contains no harmful chemicals, and is an excellent dirt and grease buster. When combined with vinegar, however, the cleansing properties of castile soap — and the vinegar — are cancelled out, so use them separately.

Using natural household cleaners can make a huge difference to your pet’s health (and yours!). Dogs and cats often suffer from allergies and respiratory issues as a result of indoor air pollution, so make a vow to boycott the toxic ingredients and keep your furry friend safe!

Emily Watson is a Senior Content Editor at Redstone Media Group, publisher of Animal Wellness Magazine, Equine Wellness Magazine, IVC Journal and Canadian Dogs Annual. She is a certified yoga and medical Qi Gong instructor and has been writing — creatively and otherwise — for ten years. Off the mat and away from the keyboard, Emily can be found hiking, camping and traveling with her wife and fur babies.