Top 10 foods for your animal's skin and coat

Keep your companion’s skin and coat looking and feeling good with these power-packed whole foods.

Back in the early 1980s, I was introduced to a little terracotta pot and a bag of seeds. The idea was to soak the pot in water, sprinkle it with seeds, and in what seemed like no time at all, it was covered with sprouts. Who knew that “Chia Pets” would introduce us to one of the world’s healthiest foods? Among many other things, chia is good for your dog’s hair and skin. And so are many other whole foods. If you want your canine to have a rich shiny coat, and healthy skin, start introducing some of these nutritious ingredients into his diet.

1. Chia seeds

Chia seeds are a rich source of B vitamins, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, protein and zinc, and they’re packed with antioxidants too. They contain lots of alphalinolenic acid (ALA), a plant-based form of Omega-3s. Chia seeds are gluten free. Chia nourishes skin from the inside out, because its high levels of Omega-3 help combat chronic skin inflammation. Including chia in your dog’s diet is as simple as “a sprinkle a day”. Or make a simple chia “pudding” with 1/3 cup chia seeds and 2 cups filtered water. Mix, leave for ten minutes, and serve. This pudding can be stored in the refrigerator and added to your dog’s food. A little goes a long way. For a taste twist, combine 3 tablespoons of chia seeds with 1 cup almond milk, stir, store in the refrigerator, sprinkle with cinnamon and serve.

2. Eggs

Eggs are nutritional powerhouses, containing the most bioavailable protein. They’re like a one ingredient recipe for great skin and coats. Many consider eggs the number one food for hair, giving it strength and luster. Eggs contain lutein, which helps keep skin well hydrated and plays an important role in tissue repair. The zinc in eggs also supports skin health and shiny hair. Egg yolks are a valuable source of biotin, a B vitamin sometimes referred to as vitamin H or vitamin B7 which helps promote healthy skin and coats; hair loss, skin irritation, lesions and fungus can be the result of a biotin deficiency. Biotin/vitamin H can be effective in treating allergic reactions and skin conditions. Eggs contain vitamin A, which helps repair cell damage and keeps skin healthy and coats glowing. Organic eggs from free-range chickens provide a great ratio of Omega-3s to Omega-6s.

3. Almonds

Almonds contain the entire vitamin E family, tocopherols and tocotrienols – alpha tocopherol is one of the keys to healthy skin and hair. Almonds are also an excellent source of B vitamins, copper, manganese, magnesium, zinc and bioflavonoids, and offer a trace amount of Omega-3 fatty acids. Since almonds have a high fat content, it is important to store them in a cool place, away from sunlight; better yet, you can store them in the refrigerator for several months, or in the freezer for up to a year.

4. Coconut

Coconut, organic and unsweetened, is the perfect sprinkle for your dog’s food and great for making treats. Give coconut chips a try too. Coconut contains medium-chain saturated fats, which are transformed into energy and contain special properties that act as anti-inflammatory agents to decrease bacterial growth, irritation and inflammation in the body. According to Washington State’s Bastyr University of Natural Sciences, eating raw coconut can reduce the severity of bacterial and inflammatory skin conditions.

5. Carob

Carob is rich in natural sugars and contains all the principal vitamins and minerals, such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, potassium, magnesium, silica, vitamins A, B1, B2, niacin, and protein. Carob is considered an ideal “survival food” because it requires no preparation, lasts a long time, and has no special storage requirements. It does not contain the caffeine and theobromine found in chocolate, so is perfectly safe for dogs. Its vitamin E supports skin health, and it has antiviral and antibacterial properties. Carob contains no oxalic acid, so it does not interfere with calcium absorption.

6. Oats

Oats are a strength-giving cereal. They are low in starch and high in mineral content, especially potassium and phosphorus. Oats also contain calcium, magnesium, the B vitamins and iron. They support healthy skin and hair; one of the key ways they do this is by supporting your dog’s gastrointestinal system and helping remove toxins from the body.

7. Liver

Liver from grass-fed animals provides a perfect punch for enhanced skin health. Nutrients include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc, copper, vitamins A, B6, B12, C, D and E, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, folic acid and biotin. Try chicken livers for a flavorful boost of Omega-3 and 6 essential fatty acids.

8. Wild salmon

Wild salmon, canned or cooked (not raw), is one of the very best sources of Omega-3s, which support the skin and coat. It provides selenium too. Recent studies have focused on the protein and amino acid content of wild salmon; researchers have discovered that small bioactive protein molecules called bioactive peptides, and one in particular, calcitonin, have significant potential health benefits. The human form of calcitonin, made by the thyroid gland, is a key hormone that helps regulate and stabilize the balance of collagen and minerals in bone and surrounding tissue.

9. Cranberries

Cranberries have been used historically to treat a variety of ailments, from rheumatoid disorders, scurvy and fever, to skin wounds and eczema. Cranberries contain a variety of bioactive components, including antioxidant proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins and ellagic acid. Anthocyanins are the pigments that give cranberries their rich red color and have been found to have the strongest antioxidant power of 150 flavonoids tested, even moreso than vitamin E. Anthocyanins have an anti-inflammatory action, and can even help lessen allergic reactions in dogs.

10. Sweet potatoes

Sweet potatoes are considered a super food for skin. They contain a high level of vitamin A and beta-carotene, and are a great source of vitamin E. Sweet potatoes also contain calcium, iron, folate, potassium, copper and thiamine. The vitamin C in sweet potatoes helps accelerate healing and support collagen production.


Suzi Beber has been successfully creating special needs diets for companion animals for two decades. She founded the University of Guelph’s Smiling Blue Skies® Cancer Fund and Smiling Blue Skies® Fund for Innovative Research. She is the proud recipient of a Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal, and was honored with the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, for her work in cancer, from the University of Guelph/Ontario Veterinary College. The Smiling Blue Skies Cancer Fund is also the recipient of the “Pets + Us” Community Outreach Champion Award.